Meta-analysis provides insights into the origin and evolution of East Asian evergreen broad-leaved forests


  作  者:Zhang Q#, Yang YC#, Liu B, Lu LM, Sauquet H, Li DZ, Chen ZD*


  刊物名称:New Phytologist


  卷: 期: 页码:DOI: 10.1111/nph.19524


  Evergreen broad-leaved forests (EBLFs) are dominated by a monsoon climate and form a distinct biome in East Asia with notably high biodiversity. However, the origin and evolution of East Asian EBLFs (EAEBLFs) remain elusive despite the estimation of divergence times for various representative lineages.

  Using 72 selected generic-level characteristic lineages, we constructed an integrated lineage accumulation rate (LAR) curve based on their crown ages.

  According to the crown-based LAR, the EAEBLF origin was identified at least as the early Oligocene (c.?31.8?million years ago (Ma)). The accumulation rate of the characteristic genera peaked at 25.2 and 6.4?Ma, coinciding with the two intensification periods of the Asian monsoon at the Oligocene – Miocene and the Miocene – Pliocene boundaries, respectively. Moreover, the LAR was highly correlated with precipitation in the EAEBLF region and negatively to global temperature, as revealed through time-lag cross-correlation analyses.?

  An early Oligocene origin is suggested for EAEBLFs, bridging the gap between paleobotanical and molecular dating studies and solving conflicts among previous estimates based on individual representative lineages. The strong correlation between the crown-based LAR and the precipitation brought about by the Asian monsoon emphasizes its irreplaceable role in the origin and development of EAEBLFs.




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