The history of the Herbarium (PE), InstituteofBotany,ChineseAcademyof Sciences can be traced back over 80 years. The main herbarium building was constructed in 1984. The herbarium provides space of11,000 m2. At present the herbarium collections numbered 2.63 million specimens, representing fossils, seed collections, liverworts, hornworts, mosses, lycophytes, ferns, gymnosperms and angiosperms. This collection is the largest research resource for plant taxonomy and biodiversity research inAsia. Prof. De-Yuan Hong, and Prof. Peter H. Raven are the honorary Curators, and Prof. Xian-Chun Zhang is the acting Curator.

Expedition and Collection. In 2011, staff of PE undertook several expeditions in Southwestern and Southern Tibet (Gyirong and Nyalam),BashanMountaininSichuanProvince, Baishuijiang inGansuProvince, andQinlingMountaininShaanxiProvince. These efforts resulted in ca. 14,665 newly collected specimens.

Conservation and Digitization of collections. In 2011 about 22,000 specimens were added through collecting and exchange with institutes both within and outside ofChina. PE also attracted 2,475 visitors in 2011, of which 111 were from oversea institutes. So far 70% specimens of the higher plants have been added to the digitized collections that are accessible via the CVH website.

 Chinese Virtual Herbarium (CVH: http://www.cvh.org.cn) provides on-line access to herbarium specimens and botanical information inChina. Currently there are data on more than 3.3 million specimens from 14 herbaria ofChina; images of 1.67 million specimens have been gathered. In addition, 1.53 million specimen data from 26 herbaria inTaiwanregions incorporated to CVH for the first time. This online resource attracted visitors from 39,222 IP addresses based at 67. 

  The Plant Photo Bank of China(PPBC: http://www.plantphoto. cn) provides on-line access to living plant images. At     the    moment, the PPBC have gathered more than one million images, representing 338 families, 3,360 genera and 17,439   species. 400,000 additional images of live plants had been made available online, and the annual amount of website   access attained 6,980,000.